How do you display the value of a variable in Linux?

Which command is used to display variable values in Unix?

Explanation: set command is used to display all the variables available in the current shell.

Which command should I use to display a variable?

`pwd` command shows the path of the current working directory. The following script stores the output of `pwd` command into the variable, $current_dir and the value of this variable is printed by using `echo` command. The option and argument are mandatory for some bash commands.

How do you display a variable in UNIX?

Accessing a Variable

A variable name is de-referenced by simply adding a ‘$’ prefix to it. The ‘echo’ command is often used to print the value of a variable. A variable will be treated as a numeric value if it is used with the ‘expr’ command.

How do I find the value of a variable in bash?

To check if a variable is set in Bash Scripting, use -v var or -z ${var} as an expression with if command. This checking of whether a variable is already set or not, is helpful when you have multiple script files, and the functionality of a script file depends on the variables set in the previously run scripts, etc.

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How do I see environment variables in Linux?

Under bash shell: To list all the environment variables, use the command ” env ” (or ” printenv “). You could also use ” set ” to list all the variables, including all local variables.

Which command is used to display a value on the screen?

The DISPLAY command produces the output to screen shown below. If you enter DISPLAY VARIABLES directly in the Analytics command line, the output appears immediately. If you run DISPLAY VARIABLES in a script, double-click the corresponding DISPLAY VARIABLES entry in the command log to display the output.

How do you echo the value of a variable?

To display the value of a variable, either use echo or printf command as follows:

  1. echo $varName # not advisable unless you know what the variable contains.
  2. echo “$varName”
  3. printf “%sn” “$varName”

How do you assign a grep value to a variable in UNIX?

How to assign a grep command value to a variable in Linux/Unix

  1. VAR=`command-name` VAR=”`grep word /path/to/file`” ## or ## VAR=$(command-name) VAR=”$(grep word /path/to/file)” …
  2. echo “Today is $(date)” ## or ## echo “Today is `date`” …
  3. todays=$(date) …
  4. echo “$todays” …
  5. myuser=”$(grep ‘^vivek’ /etc/passwd)” echo “$myuser”

How do I echo a command in Linux?

The echo command writes text to standard output (stdout). The syntax of using the echo command is pretty straightforward: echo [OPTIONS] STRING… Some common usages of the echo command are piping shell variable to other commands, writing text to stdout in a shell script, and redirecting text to a file.

What is the display variable in Linux?

The DISPLAY variable is used by X11 to identify your display (and keyboard and mouse). Usually it’ll be :0 on a desktop PC, referring to the primary monitor, etc. If you’re using SSH with X forwarding ( ssh -X otherhost ), then it’ll be set to something like localhost:10.0 .

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How do I enable display variables in Linux?

log in to the server by mentioning IP, Username & Password. It will auto-set the DISPLAY Variable for this session, which you can check by using the #echo $DISPLAY command. 5. Once you are logged in to the server then execute xclock command, it will open-up xclock in pop-up.

How do you assign a value to a variable in shell?

someValue is assigned to given varName and someValue must be on right side of = (equal) sign. If someValue is not given, the variable is assigned the null string.

How do I see environment variables in bash?

The “printenv” command displays the currently active environment variables and the previously specified environment variables in the shell. You can see the output of using the “printenv” command to display all the environment variables in the shell as per the snapshot below.

How do I check if a variable is set in Linux?


  1. Use test -n “${var- }” to check if the variable is not empty (and hence must be defined/set too). Usage: if test -n “${var- }”; then echo “var is set to <$var>” else echo “var is not set or empty” fi.
  2. Use test -n “${var+x}” to check if the variable is defined/set (even if it’s empty).

How do I compare variables in bash?

When comparing strings in Bash you can use the following operators: string1 = string2 and string1 == string2 – The equality operator returns true if the operands are equal. Use the = operator with the test [ command. Use the == operator with the [[ command for pattern matching.

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